যাকাত

1907

†mvbv-iæcvi hvKvZ

  • †mvbv-iæcvi msÁv
  • †mvbv-iæcvi hvKv‡Zi ûKzg
  • †mvbv-iæcvi Ici hvKvZ diR nIqvi kZ©vejx
  • †mvbv-iæcvi wbmve
  • †mvb-iæcvq hvKv‡Zi cwigvY
  • AjsKv‡ii hvKvZ

  • †mvbv-iæcvi msÁv

    †mvbv-iæcv

    †mvbv-iæcv Ges hv wKQz Gi ¯’jvwfwl³, †hgb eZ©gvbhy‡M cÖPwjZ KvMy‡R UvKv|

    †mvbv-iæcvi hvKv‡Zi ûKzg

    †mvbv-iæcvi hvKvZ †`qv diR; Bikv` n‡q‡Q: (Ges hviv †mvbv I iƒcv cyÄxf~Z K‡i iv‡L, Avi Zv Avjøvni iv¯Ívq LiP K‡i bv, Zzwg Zv‡`i †e`bv`vqK Avhv‡ei mymsev` `vI|) [m~iv ZvIev:34]

    ivm~jyjøvn mvjøvjøvû AvjvBwn Iqv mvjøvg e‡j‡Qb: Ô†mvbv-iæcvi gvwjK hw` G m‡ei nK Av`vq bv K‡i, Z‡e Zv w`‡q wKqvg‡Zi w`b Av¸‡bi cvZ ‰iwi Kiv n‡e, AZtci Zv Av¸‡b Mig Kiv n‡e Ges Zv w`‡q Zvi cvk©¦‡`‡k, Kcv‡j I wc‡V †QuKv †`qv n‡e| cvZ VvÛv n‡q †M‡j AveviI Zv Mig K‡i Avbv n‡e| Avi GUv n‡e Ggb GK w`‡b, hv n‡e cÂvk nvRvi eQ‡ii cwigvY `xN©| ev›`v‡`i gv‡S †kl dqmvjv nIqv ch©šÍ G cÖwµqv Pjgvb _vK‡e| dqmvjv †kl n‡j Zv‡`i GK`j‡K Rbœv‡Zi I Aci `j‡K Rvnvbœv‡gi c_ †`wL‡q †`qv n‡e|Õ [eY©bvq gymwjg]

    †mvbv-iæcvi Ici hvKvZ diR nIqvi kZ©vejx

    1 -GK eQi AwZµvšÍ nIqv

    2 - c~Y© gvwjKvbv

    3 - wbmve c~wZ©

    †mvbv-iæcvi wbmve

    1 - †mvbvi wbmve wek w`bvi Z_v (85) MÖvg| GKw`bvi cwigvY = 4.25 MÖvg| AZGe hvKv‡Zi wbmve n‡e: 4.25*20=85 MÖvg wb‡iU †mvbv|

    2 - iæcvi wbmve n‡jv `Õyk w`invg A_©vr (595) MÖvg| iæcvi GK w`inv‡gi cwigvY n‡jv 2.975 MÖvg, ZvB iæcvi wbmve n‡e 2.975*200= 595 MÖvg wb‡iU iæcv|

    3 -UvKvKwoi hvKvZ Av`v‡qi gyû‡Z©, †mvbv A_ev iæcvi g~‡j¨i wfwˇZ wbY©q Ki‡Z n‡e| hw` UvKvKwo G `ywUi †h‡Kv‡bv GKwUi wbmv‡ei mgvb nq Zvn‡j hvKvZ diR n‡e|

    D`vniYZ: hw` GK MÖvg †mvbvi g~j¨ 30 Wjvi nq, Ges †Kv‡bv e¨w³i Kv‡Q Aek¨ cÖ‡qvRbxq Li‡Pi evB‡i (85*30=2550) `y nvRvi cvuPk cÂvk Wjvi Rgv _v‡K Ges Gi Ici GK eQi AwZµvšÍ nq, Z‡e Zv‡Z hvKvZ diR n‡e|

    †mvbv
    iæcv
    A_©Kwo

    †mvb-iæcvq hvKv‡Zi cwigvY

    †mvbv-iæcv I UvKvKwo‡Z diR nIqv hvK‡Zi cwigvY n‡jv iæeDj Dki A_©vr (2.5%)| †m wn‡m‡e cÖwZ wek w`bv‡i hvKvZ n‡e Aa© w`bvi| Avi hv Gi AwZwi³ n‡e, Zv Kg †nvK ev †ewk †nvK, G Abycv‡ZB wnmve K‡i hvKvZ w`‡Z n‡e|

    iæcvi †ÿ‡Î cÖwZ `yÕk w`inv‡g cvuP w`invg hvKvZ wn‡m‡e †ei Ki‡Z n‡e| Avi hv Gi AwZwi³ n‡e Zv G Abycv‡Z wnmve K‡i hvKvZ w`‡Z n‡e| Gi cÖgvY ivm~jyjøvn mvjøvjøvû AvjvBwn Iqv mvjøv‡gi evYx, Ôhw` Zzwg `yÕk w`inv‡gi gvwjK nI Ges Gi Dci GK eQi cvi n‡q hvq, Z‡e Zv‡Z cvuP w`invg w`‡Z n‡e| Avi †mvbvi †ÿ‡Î hZÿY Zzwg wek w`bv‡ii gvwjK bv n‡e †Zvgv‡K wKQz w`‡Z n‡e bv| ZvB hLb †Zvgvi Kv‡Q wek w`bvi n‡q hv‡e Ges Gi Ici GK eQi AwZµvšÍ n‡e Zv‡Z Aa© w`bvi hvKvZ w`‡Z n‡e| Avi hv Gi AwZwi³ n‡e, Zv †m Abycv‡Z wnmve K‡i hvKvZ w`‡Z n‡e|Õ [eY©bvq Avey `vD`]

    GKwU cÖv‡qvwMK D`vniY

    GK e¨w³i Kv‡Q (9000) bq nvRvi Wjvi i‡q‡Q Ges Zv Zvi gvwjKvbvq _vKve¯’vq GK eQi cvi n‡q‡Q| GgZve¯’vq wK Zvi Dci hvKvZ diR n‡e?

    G †ÿ‡Î cÖ_‡g Avgiv †mvbv A_ev iæcvi Av‡jv‡K wbmve wnmve Kie| Avi Zv n‡e wb¤œiƒc:

    wbmve : cuPvwk MÖvg wb‡iU †mvbv

    = 85* hvKvZ diR nIqvi w`b GK MÖvg †mvbvi g~j¨| a‡i wbjvg †h Zv 30 Wjvi|

    = 85*30= 2550 Wjvi|

    Zvn‡j wbmve n‡jv 2550 Wjvi| AZGe DwjøwLZ e¨w³i m¤ú` †bmve cwigvY n‡q‡Q Ges Gi Ici GK eQi AwZµvšÍI n‡q‡Q| AZtci Zvi Ici hvKvZ diR n‡q‡Q|

    wØZxqZ: cÖ‡`q hvKv‡Zi cwigvY †ei Kie wb¤œewY©Zfv‡e:

    cÖ‡`q hvKv‡Zi cwigvY : 2.5%

    =9000*2.5÷100 = 255 Wjvi.

    Zvn‡j DwjøwLZ e¨w³i m¤ú‡` cÖ‡`q hvKv‡Zi cwigvY n‡jv 255 Wjvi|

    AjsKv‡ii hvKvZ

    AjsKvi `yÕcÖKvi: †mvbv-iæcvi AjsKvi| †mvbv-iæcv e¨ZxZ Ab¨‡Kv‡bv avZzi AjsKvi|

    1 - †mvbv-iæcvi AjsKvi

    cÖ_g cÖKvi: mÂq I msiÿ‡Yi Rb¨ ‰ZwiK…Z AjsKvi A_ev Ggb AjsKvi hv e¨emvi D‡Ï‡k e¨eüZ n‡”Q| G ai‡bi AjsKv‡i hvKvZ w`‡Z n‡e|

    e¨env‡ii Rb¨ ˆZwiK…Z AjsKvi| G cÖK…wZi AjsKv‡iI wR¤§v`vwi †_‡K gy³ nIqvi Rb¨ hvKvZ cÖ`vb Kiv DËg| R‰bK bvix ivm~jyjøvn mvjøvjøvû AvjvBwn Iqv mvjøv‡gi Kv‡Q G‡jb| mv‡_ wQj Zvi †g‡q| †g‡qi nv‡Z †mvbvi `ywU cy‡iv Pzwo wQj| ivm~jyjøvn mvjøvjøvû AvjvBwn Iqv mvjøvg Zv‡K ej‡jb, ÔZywg wK Gi hvKvZ `vI? †m ejj,Ôbv|Õ wZwb ej‡jb,Ô†Zvgvi wK fv‡jv jvM‡e, hw` Avjøvn ZvAvjv G `ywUi cwie‡Z© ciKv‡j †Zvgv‡K `ywU Av¸‡bi Pzwo cwi‡q †`b?Õ eY©bvKvix e‡jb ÔAZtci †g‡qwU Pzwo `ywU Ly‡j †djj Ges ivm~jyjøvn mvjøvjøvû AvjvBwn Iqv mvjøv‡gi Kv‡Q †mvc`© Kij I ejj,ÔG `ywU Avjøvn I Zvui ivm~‡ji Rb¨|Õ [eY©bvq Avey `vD`]

    Av‡jg‡`i †KD †KD AjsKv‡i hvKvZ †bB e‡j gšÍe¨ K‡i‡Qb; Zv‡`i hyw³ AjsKvi Ggb m¤ú` bq hv (jv‡fi Avkvq) cwiewa©Z Kivi Rb¨ msiÿY Kiv nq| eis Zv †Kej e¨w³MZ e¨env‡ii Rb¨ ivLv nq, †cvkvK, dvwb©Pvi I N‡ii Avmevc‡Îi g‡ZvB| Dciš‘ AjsKvi n‡jv †mŠ›`h© AR©bv‡_© bvixi cÖ‡qvRbxq welq| Avi hvKv‡Zi †ÿ‡Î g~j we‡ePbvi welq n‡jv m¤ú‡`i ea©bkxjZv, hv hvKvZ cÖ‡qv‡Mi Rb¨ Riæwi|

    Z‡e mZK©Zvi `vwe n‡jv †mŠ›`h©jvf I ˆea e¨env‡ii Rb¨ ˆZwiK…Z AjsKv‡ii hvKvZ †`qv| hvKv‡Zi wR¤§v`vwi †_‡K gy³ nIqvi Rb¨ GUvB DËg| ivm~jyjøvn mvjøvjøvû AvjvBwn Iqv mvjøvg e‡j‡Qb, Ôhv‡Z †Zvgvi m‡›`n jv‡M Zv cwiZ¨vM K‡i hv †Zvgvi Kv‡Q wbtm‡›`n g‡b nq Zv a‡iv|Õ [eY©bvq eyLvix]

    †mvbvi AjsKvi
    iæcvi AjsKvi

    2 - †mvbv-iæcv e¨ZxZ Ab¨‡Kv‡bv AjsKv‡i hvKvZ

    †hgb †eªvÄ, gwZ-gy³v BZ¨vw`i †ÿ‡Î hvKvZ cÖ‡hvR¨ n‡e bv, Gm‡ei g~j¨ h‡ZvB †nvK bv †Kb| Z‡e hw` e¨emvwqK D‡Ï‡k e¨eüZ nq Zvn‡j e¨emvwqK cY¨ wn‡m‡e Zv‡Z hvKvZ Av‡ivwcZ n‡e|

    gy³v
    BqvKzZ cv_i
    †eªvÄ